SPECIES PROTECTION

HSI nominations have led to threatened species protection for the Great White (Vulnerable) and Grey Nurse (Critically Endangered) sharks under NSW, Victorian, Tasmanian and Commonwealth legislation. Even though both species are now protected in most jurisdictions in Australia, they are still caught as incidental bycatch in commercial fisheries and it is suspected that Grey Nurse sharks are often caught by recreational fishermen.

HSI also submitted nominations that have led to the protection of the great hammerhead shark and the scalloped hammerhead shark in NSW, with a federal nomination for the scalloped hammerhead resultingĀ in a Conservation Dependent listing. HSI continues to nominate further shark species for consideration, based on our concerns for their conservation status in Australian waters.

HSI is actively working on getting sharks protected under international, federal and state legislation, as well as calling for a comprehensive shark conservation and management policy in Australia.

Shark species receiving protection under Federal or State laws as a result of HSI nominations:

  • White shark

  • Grey nurse shark

  • School shark

  • Shortfin mako shark

  • Longfin make shark

  • Scalloped hammerhead shark

  • Great hammerhead shark

  • Dusky shark

  • Bull shark

  • Sandbar shark

Click here for a fact sheet on Great White Sharks

Click here for a fact sheet on Grey Nurse Sharks

Click here for a fact sheet on Hammerhead Sharks

HSI works to ensure sharks are protected through international treaties.

At the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), HSI lobbying led to Australia pushing for a listing for the Great White Shark. The species was listed on Appendix III by Australia at CoP12 and up listed to Appendix II at CoP13.

HSI is a member of the Species Survival Network and its Fish Working Group, which is also campaigning for CITES protection for a number of shark species, threatened by international trade for their meat, oil and fins. The Species Survival Network is a coalition of conservation NGOs from around the world seeking protection for species in international trade. Our campaigning with SSN has helped secure listings for basking sharks, whale sharks, manta rays, mobula rays, silky sharks, dusky sharks, thresher sharks, 3 species of hammerhead sharks, oceanic whitetip sharks, porbeagle sharks and 7 species of sawfish.

HSI also advocates for protection for sharks by attending the Conservation of Migratory Species (CMS), held every two years. The UN Conference is one of the major international treaties for the world's wildlife, covering terrestrial, marine and avian migratory species throughout their range. Whale sharks, dusky sharks, blue sharks, angelsharks, hammerheads and thresher sharks are just some of the species that have been listed under the convention. Disappointingly, the Australian Government has taken out reservations against some of these listings to avoid giving them strict protection from commercial and recreational fishing under our national environment laws. HSI argues strongly for the reservations to be removed. HSI is also a cooperating partner of the Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation of Migratory Sharks.