When the Humane Society International (HSI) was involved in the original negotiations for the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 in the late 1990s, it promised a new era of environmental protection. The Federal Government had recognised its obligation to protect our environment at a national level and introduced...
Summer’s here, and with extreme temperatures and conditions already occurring across Australia it looks set to be a challenging one for people and wildlife alike. Luckily there are plenty of ways you can help struggling native animals and their habitats– read below for a few ideas!
In your backyard
Many native species rely on plants for food, but with tough summer conditions often come food shortages as flowering and fruiting seasons are interrupted. On your property, garden or balcony consider planting with wildlife in mind – choosing good food and shelter species, planting a variety of shrubs and trees and creating links to larger areas of habitat are all ideal for creating wildlife-friendly spaces! Click here for more information on what to plant.
Leaving water dishes out can also be a great way to help wildlife cool down – just make sure the dishes are shallow and the water is refilled regularly. Place water in the shade, either high up or near plants to keep wildlife safe from predators. You’d be amazed at what species will come to visit – and not all of them birds!
Keeping pets indoors is also important during summer, when wildlife is more likely to visit your garden for some shade or a drink. Your pets will appreciate being out of the heat and your native visitors can be left in peace.
Each region will have different challenges in the hotter months, and it’s a great idea to contact your local wildlife rescuers and carers to find out how you can best help out. You might be able to make fruit kebabs for food-deprived flying-foxes or craft pouches for orphaned joeys, and for a more hands-on approach you could also volunteer at your local wildlife shelter or rural fire service.
During the holiday season there’s often an influx of roadstrikes, so keep an eye out for any injured animals or pouch young on the roads. You may also see animals suffering from heat stress, characterised by loss of balance, unusual behaviour, confusion or panting. Prepare an emergency kit for rescues – a cardboard box, blanket and some water is all you need, and a list of contacts for wildlife rescue groups will come in handy too.
If you find a flying-fox in need of help, do not touch it and instead call a local rescue group – this will help protect the animal and yourself.
The Bigger Picture
With over 3 million hectares burnt by fires this year alone and more heatwaves and fires predicted for the remainder of the season, a national approach is needed to restore habitats and protect wildlife. Although it may seem like an overwhelming issue, there are some easy ways you can help out.
Donate or volunteer for wildlife rescue groups – these groups can support whole networks of wildlife carers! Humane Society International’s wildlife emergency response fund sends critical support for wildlife carers in emergency situations like floods, fires and droughts – Donate here.
If you own land, consider joining a conservation program like the Wildlife Land Trust – not only will this help to preserve habitat, but you’ll have access to conservation grants and expert advice for habitat restoration projects. Establishing exclusion fences, regenerating bushland and restoring riverbanks can be vital for local wildlife!
And finally, share your ideas with everyone else – encourage your neighbours to protect habitat on their properties, talk to your family about fire safety strategies and teach your friends how to assist injured wildlife. We may not be able to prevent challenging conditions this summer but we can all do our part to support our native species through it.
Helen Church is the Project Officer for HSI’s Wildlife Land Trust; recruiting sanctuaries, managing the network and organising its media. She also works on terrestrial conservation issues and nominations for threatened species and habitats.
Helen has an honours degree in Animal and Veterinary Bioscience and has a keen interest in the conservation of native species and humane management of invasive species.