SYDNEY – Kyodo News is reporting that Japan is set to announce that it is leaving the International Whaling Commission but will continue hunting whales in the country’s exclusive economic zone. Humane Society International’s whale conservation experts say this will usher in a new era of pirate whaling.
The news reports suggest that Japan is unlikely to catch whales in the Antarctic Ocean after they pull out from the IWC.
If reports are confirmed, Humane Society International would welcome the end of whaling in the Southern Ocean, but believes that Japan’s decision to leave the rules-based order of the IWC will place its North Pacific whaling program completely outside the bounds of international law. Humane Society International also fears that Japan may recruit other pro-whaling nations to leave the IWC, leading to a new chapter of widespread and unauthorised killing of whales for profit.
Moreover, in Humane Society International’s view, Japan’s move to leave the IWC defies the letter and spirit of Article 65 of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). Article 65 underscores the worldwide interest among nations for the conservation of marine mammals in general and cetaceans in particular, and specifies that the IWC is the “appropriate international organization” to oversee conservation, management and study of whales.
Nicola Beynon, Head of Campaigns at Humane Society International in Australia, says, “We would like to wholeheartedly celebrate an end to Japan’s whaling in the Southern Ocean, but if Japan leaves the International Whaling Commission and continues killing whales in the North Pacific it will be operating completely outside the bounds of international law. This is the path of a pirate whaling nation, with a troubling disregard for international rule. We’re going to continue to press the international community to bring an end to the unjustified persecution of whales for commercial profit wherever it occurs.”
“If Japan were to cease all whaling, not just on the high seas, then leaving the IWC would not be objectionable. For the absence of Japan could allow the IWC to finally embrace its conservation mandate by addressing the myriad threats facing cetaceans worldwide. However, as long as Japan kills whales along any coast or any in ocean then it must remain in the international organization with jurisdiction over all great whales,” said Kitty Block, President of Humane Society International.
Japan’s exit from the IWC would not be entirely unexpected following its political manoeuvres and proposals at the IWC meeting in Brazil last September. There, it explicitly sought to undermine the international ban on commercial whaling. After its proposals were rejected by a majority vote, Japan indicated it might quit the IWC.
This is not the first time that Japan has rejected the authority of an international body when a decision about whaling did not go its way. In 2015, in response to the International Court of Justice finding that Japan’s so-called ‘scientific’ whaling in the Southern Ocean was neither legal nor scientific, Japan announced that it would take a sweeping exception to the jurisdiction of the ICJ in relation to any dispute concerning “any dispute concerning the living resources of the sea.
Image: Scott Portelli
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